Any Idea about 'World Englishes'?
Author： Tehreem Sajjad
Do you know? There are around 2 billion English speakers around the world, out of which 1.6 billion are non-native speakers. This fact is amazing to know because these 1.6 billion speakers speak different varieties of English that are called as World Englishes.
Aside from British and American English varieties, there is another version of English varieties that are known as World Englishes or New Englishes. World Englishes is a global version of English, that is spoken around different regions of the world. This field is an emerging branch of linguistics, that is dynamic and changes day by day.
Historical spread of English around the World:
The foremost reason for the spread of English across the world is 'Colonization' during the 17th to 19th centuries. In this period, British people started to make colonies around different regions of the world including Africa and Asia. This expulsion of the British Empire had occurred in two phases.
In the first phase, a large number of English speakers migrated from England, Ireland, and Scotland to Australia, New Zealand, and North America. The dialects of these migrants were soon developed into mother tongue varieties of English that are known as American English and Australian English with some difference in grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation.
The second phase occurred between the 18th to 19th centuries. During this period, the British expanded their colonies in African and Asian regions. This spread of English had led to the development of English as a second language in these areas. Due to this phenomenon, English had undergone a transformation and new varieties of English got established, these varieties are now known as Indian English, Pakistani English, Japanese English, Singaporean English, etc. These varieties of English have their features in terms of lexicon, grammar, syntax, and pronunciation.
Today, many of these non-native varieties of English are considered as standard and accepted varieties of English. Indian English is one of the accepted varieties of English. Chinese English is anothernew and emerging variety of English having its unique features.
That is how, notion of World English was developed across the globe.